On this page I will explain how to transfer a 78 rpm record to a computer.
My record playerI use a Lenco L75 (sold in the UK under the name "Goldring" and in the USA as "Bogen"), which is a legendary record player for 78-collectors. They were manufactured by this Swiss company between 1972 and 1980. One major advantage of this record player is the infinitely variable speed, to adjust the turntable to rotate at exactly the right speed by the use of a stroboscope. That enables not only 78s, but also for example early Columbias, which were recorded at 80 rpm, to be played at the correct pitch.
Pick-up and stylus
The real 78 rpm record specialist would be able to give a profound essay about which particular pick-up and stylus (with which radius) to use for various types of records from different eras.
From record player to computer
It is not possible to connect your record player directly to your computer, because the output of the record player is not suitable for this and has to be pre-amplified first. So you have to connect your record player to an amplifier, just like you used to connect your turntable to your stereo in the record days.
Recording a record on your computer
The analogue signal of the record player has to be converted into a digital signal. We need to save the sound as a so called WAV file. Therefore one needs an audio software programme. Don't be deterred by this, because there is a variety to
suit your requirements, from simple freeware programmes up to very advanced expensive products. Unfortunately the sound recorder that is included in Windows is not suitable because it only records a maximum of 60 seconds in one take. Nowadays many computer manufacturers include a separate
software program in their package.
Restoring a recording (Digitally Remastering)
Now the actual restoration begins. For this I use two basic functions of Adobe Audition.
The first function is eliminating all the clicks and pops in the sound. For this you use the option Click/Pop Eliminator.
Now we come to the second function. All that is left now is the music itself, the hiss and the unwanted sounds of the turntable (the so called rumble).
Open in the menu Effects - Noise Reduction – Noise Reduction, and choose the option Capture Profile.
And now a miracle will happen. Adobe Audition selects all the frequencies that were previous analysed in the run-in groove, and deletes them from the complete record. As a result all unwanted sounds, hiss and rumble of the record itself disappear. Only the music remains because it consists of the other frequencies excluding the hiss and rumble. What you keep is a complete clean recording, as if it was recorded yesterday!
If the result is not to your satisfaction, you undo the last step in the menu Edit – Undo. Just select a different part of the run-in groove (or longer, or shorter) and have another go until the result is to your satisfaction. You can also experiment with the settings of the Noise Reduction, but make sure that you write down the original settings before you start, to ensure that you can return to the original settings afterwards.
In my opinion this software product is a real magic tool for digital filtering and the removal of crackle, hiss, clicks and pops (in short the complete soundscape of a fireplace). And they are not paying me to say this!
Enough talking! Just listen yourself to discover what this tool can do.
Black and tan fantasie - Duke Ellington & his Orchestra
Schön, daß du wieder bei mir bist! - Adolf Steimel m.s. Tanzorchester
Finally I wish you lots of success.